Nephrology diseases list

Nephrology diseases, also known as kidney diseases, refer to medical conditions that affect the structure and function of the kidneys. These conditions can include chronic kidney disease, kidney stones, urinary tract infections, glomerulonephritis, and kidney cancer.

Nephrology diseases list
nephrology diseases list


The kidneys are two bean-shaped  organs. Each kidney is about the size of a fist. Your kidneys filter extra water and  wastes out of your blood and make urine. Kidney disease means your kidneys are damaged and can’t filter blood the  way they should.


Symptoms and  treatment options for nephrology  diseases can vary  depending on the specific condition. However,  common  symptoms may include changes  in urinary patterns, blood in  the urine, frequent urinary  tract infections, fatigue, swelling in the legs or ankles,  and high blood pressure.


The management and  treatment of nephrology  diseases often involve a  combination of lifestyle  changes, medications, and medical  procedures. Lifestyle modifications  may include maintaining a  healthy diet, controlling  blood pressure, staying  hydrated, exercising regularly, and  avoiding excessive intake of  certain substances  like sodium or alcohol. Medications  may be prescribed to control  symptoms, manage blood  pressure, treat  infections, or slow down  the progression of kidney  damage. In some cases, medical procedures or  surgeries may be necessary to  remove kidney stones, repair certain  kidney conditions, or provide  dialysis or kidney transplant  for end-stage kidney disease.


Regular  check-ups, adherence to medical advice, and  close monitoring of  kidney function  are crucial for preventing and  managing nephrology diseases. It is  important to consult with  a nephrologist, a specialized kidney  doctor, to develop an  individualized  treatment plan based  on one's specific condition  and medical history.


A List of Kidney Diseases


Abderhalden–Kaufmann–Lignac syndrome (Nephropathic Cystinosis)


Abdominal Compartment Syndrome


Acetaminophen-induced Nephrotoxicity


Acute Kidney Failure/Acute Kidney Injury


Acute Injury Injury with Loin Pain after Anaerobic Exercise (ALPE), Renal Hypouricemia


Acute Lobar Nephronia


Acute Phosphate Nephropathy


Acute Tubular Necrosis


Adenine Phosphoribosyltransferase Deficiency


Adenovirus Nephritis


Alagille Syndrome




Alport Syndrome


Alstrom Syndrome




ANCA Vasculitis Related to Endocarditis and Other Infections




Anabolic Steroid Abuse


Analgesic Nephropathy


Anorexia Nervosa and Kidney Disease


Angiotensin Antibodies and Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis


Anticoagulant-related Nephropathy


Antiphospholipid Syndrome


Anti-LRP2 Nephropathy, Anti-Brush Border Nephropathy


Anti-TNF-α Therapy-related Glomerulonephritis


APOL1 Mutations


Apparent Mineralocorticoid Excess Syndrome


APRT Deficiency and 2,8-Dihydroxyadenine Nephropathy


Aristolochic Acid Nephropathy, Chinese Herbal Nephropathy, Balkan Endemic Nephropathy


Arteriovenous Malformations and Fistulas of the Urologic Tract


Autosomal Dominant Hypocalcemia


Bardet-Biedl Syndrome


Bartter Syndrome


Bath Salts and Acute Kidney Injury


Beer Potomania




β-Thalassemia Renal Disease


Bile Cast Nephropathy


Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome


BK Polyoma Virus Nephropathy in the Native Kidney


Bladder Rupture


Bladder Sphincter Dyssynergia


Bladder Tamponade


Bodybuilder's Glomerulopathy


Border-Crossers' Nephropathy


Bourbon Virus and Acute Kidney Injury


BRASH Syndrome


Burnt Sugarcane Harvesting and Acute Renal Dysfunction


Byetta and Renal Failure


C1q Nephropathy


C3 Glomerulopathy


C3 Glomerulopathy with Monoclonal Gammopathy


C4 Glomerulopathy


CAKUT (Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urologic Tract)


Calyceal Diverticulum


Calcineurin Inhibitor Nephrotoxicity


Callilepsis Laureola Poisoning


Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Acute Renal Failure


Capillary Leak Syndrome


Carbon Disulfide and Renal Injury


Carconoid Syndrome and Renal Failure


Cardiorenal syndrome


Carfilzomib-Indiced Renal Injury


CFHR5 nephropathy


Charcot–Marie–Tooth Disease with Glomerulopathy


Chinese Herbal Medicines and Nephrotoxicity


Cherry Concentrate and Acute Kidney Injury


Chinese Herbal Medicine Nephropathy


Cholesterol Emboli


Churg–Strauss syndrome






Cisplatin Nephrotoxicity


Cocaine and the Kidney


Cold Diuresis


Colistin Nephrotoxicity


Collagenofibrotic Glomerulopathy


Collapsing Glomerulopathy, Collapsing Glomerulopathy Related to CMV


Combination Antiretroviral (cART) Related-Nephropathy


Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, 17-Alpha-Hydroxylase/7 20-Lyase Deficiency


Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urinary Tract (CAKUT)


Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome


Congestive Renal Failure


Conorenal syndrome (Mainzer-Saldino Syndrome or Saldino-Mainzer Disease)


Contrast Nephropathy


Copper Sulphate Intoxication


Coronavirus (COVID-19) Associated Kidney Failure and Kidney Disease


Cortical Necrosis


Crizotinib-related Acute Kidney Injury


Crying Kidneys






Crystalglobulin-Induced Nephropathy


Crystal-Induced Acute Kidney injury


Crystal-Storing Histiocytosis


Crystal Meth-Associated Cortical Necrosis


Cystic Kidney Disease, Acquired


Cystic Kidney Disease, Localized




Dasatinib-Induced Nephrotic-Range Proteinuria


Deferasirox (Exjade) Nephrotoxicity


Dense Deposit Disease (MPGN Type 2)


Dent Disease (X-linked Recessive Nephrolithiasis)


DHA Crystalline Nephropathy


Dialysis Disequilibrium Syndrome


Diabetes and Diabetic Kidney Disease


Diabetes Insipidus


Dietary Supplements and Renal Failure


Diffuse Mesangial Sclerosis




Djenkol Bean Poisoning (Djenkolism)


Down Syndrome and Kidney Disease


Drugs of Abuse and Kidney Disease


Duplicated Ureter


EAST syndrome


Eating Disorders and Kidney Disease


Ebola and the Kidney


Ectopic Kidney


Ectopic Ureter


Edema, Swelling


Erdheim-Chester Disease


Fabry’s Disease


Familial Hypocalciuric Hypercalcemia


Fanconi Syndrome


Fraser syndrome


Fibronectin Glomerulopathy


Fibrillary Glomerulonephritis and Immunotactoid Glomerulopathy


Fibrillary Glomerulonephritis, Congophilic


Fraley syndrome


Fluid Overload, Hypervolemia


Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Sclerosis, Focal Glomerulosclerosis


Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (Familial) with Complete Heart Block


Galloway Mowat syndrome


Giant Cell (Temporal) Arteritis with Kidney Involvement


Gestational Hypertension


Gitelman Syndrome


Glomerular Diseases


Glomerular Tubular Reflux




Goodpasture Syndrome


Green Smoothie Cleanse Nephropathy


HANAC Syndrome


Harvoni (Ledipasvir with Sofosbuvir)-Induced Renal Injury


Hair Dye Ingestion and Acute Kidney Injury


Hantavirus Infection Podocytopathy


Heat Stress Nephropathy


Hematuria (Blood in Urine)


Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS), Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (aHUS)


Hemophagocytic Syndrome


Hemorrhagic Cystitis


Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS, Hantavirus Renal Disease, Korean


Hemorrhagic Fever, Epidemic Hemorrhagic Fever, Nephropathis Epidemica)




Hemosiderosis related to Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria and Hemolytic Anemia


Hepatic Glomerulopathy


Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease, Sinusoidal Obstruction Syndrome


Hepatitis C-Associated Renal Disease


Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1β–Associated Kidney Disease


Hepatorenal Syndrome


Herbal Supplements and Kidney Disease


High Altitude Renal Syndrome


High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease


HIV-Associated Immune Complex Kidney Disease (HIVICK)


HIV-Associated Nephropathy (HIVAN)


Holocaust Kidney Disease


HNF1B-related Autosomal Dominant Tubulointerstitial Kidney Disease


Horseshoe Kidney (Renal Fusion)


Hunner's Ulcer


Hydrophilic Polymer Emboli


Hydroxychloroquine-induced Renal Phospholipidosis

















Hypocomplementemic Urticarial Vasculitic Syndrome


Hypokalemia, Hypokalemia-induced renal dysfunction


Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis








Hypophosphatemia in Users of Cannabis




Hypertension, Monogenic


Iced Tea Nephropathy


Ifosfamide Nephrotoxicity


IgA Nephropathy


IgG4 Nephropathy


Immersion Diuresis


Immune-Checkpoint Therapy-Related Interstitial Nephritis


Infliximab-Related Renal Disease


Interstitial Cystitis, Painful Bladder Syndrome (Questionnaire)


Interstitial Nephritis

Interstitial Nephritis, Karyomegalic


Ivemark's syndrome


JC Virus Nephropathy


Joubert Syndrome


Ketamine-Associated Bladder Dysfunction


Kidney Stones, Nephrolithiasis



Kidney Stones due to Light Chains


Kimura Disease


Kombucha Tea Toxicity


Lead Nephropathy and Lead-Related Nephrotoxicity


Lecithin Cholesterol Acyltransferase Deficiency (LCAT Deficiency)


Leptospirosis Renal Disease


Light Chain Deposition Disease, Monoclonal Immunoglobulin Deposition Disease


Light Chain Proximal Tubulopathy


Liddle Syndrome


Lightwood-Albright Syndrome


Lipoprotein Glomerulopathy


Lithium Nephrotoxicity


LMX1B Mutations Cause Hereditary FSGS


Loin Pain Hematuria


Lupus, Systemic Lupus Erythematosis


Lupus Kidney Disease, Lupus Nephritis


Lupus Nephritis with Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody Seropositivity


Lupus Podocytopathy


Lupus-like Nephritis


Lyme Disease-Associated Glomerulonephritis


Lysinuric Protein Intolerance


Lysozyme Nephropathy


Malarial Nephropathy


Malignancy-Associated Renal Disease


Malignant Hypertension





Marfan Syndrome and Kidney Disease


McKittrick-Wheelock Syndrome


MDMA (Molly; Ecstacy; 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine) and Kidney Failure


Meatal Stenosis


Medullary Cystic Kidney Disease, Urolodulin-Associated Nephropathy, Juvenile Hyperuricemic Nephropathy Type 1


Medullary Sponge Kidney




Melamine Toxicity and the Kidney


MELAS Syndrome


Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis


Membranous Nephropathy


Membranous Nephropathy with Spherules


Membranous-like Glomerulopathy with Masked IgG Kappa Deposits


Mercury Poisoning


MesoAmerican Nephropathy


Metabolic Acidosis


Metabolic Alkalosis


Methotrexate-related Renal Failure


Microscopic Polyangiitis


Milk-alkalai syndrome


Minimal Change Disease


Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance, Dysproteinemia


Mouthwash Toxicity


MUC1 Nephropathy


Multicystic dysplastic kidney


Multiple Myeloma


Myeloproliferative Neoplasms and Glomerulopathy


Nail-patella Syndrome


NARP Syndrome




Nephrocystin-1 Gene Deletions and ESRD


Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis


Nephronophthisis due to Nephrocystin-1 Gene Deletions


Nephroptosis (Floating Kidney, Renal Ptosis)


Nephrotic Syndrome


Neurogenic Bladder


9/11 and Kidney Disease


Nodular Glomerulosclerosis


Non-Gonococcal Urethritis


Nuclear Pore Protein Complex Mutations and Nephropathy


Nutcracker syndrome




Orofaciodigital Syndrome

Orotic Aciduria


Orthostatic Hypotension


Orthostatic Proteinuria


Osmotic Diuresis


Osmotic Nephrosis


Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome


Oxalate Nephropathy


Pancreatitis and Acute Kidney Injury


Page Kidney


Papillary Necrosis


Papillorenal Syndrome (Renal-Coloboma Syndrome, Isolated Renal Hypoplasia)


PARN Mutations and Kidney Disease


Parvovirus B19 and the Kidney


Parvovirus Infection Causing Intertitial Fibrosis and Acute Kidney Injury


Perfluorinated Chemicals and Kidney Disease


The Peritoneal-Renal Syndrome


POEMS Syndrome


Posterior Urethral Valve


Podocyte Infolding Glomerulopathy


Post-infectious Glomerulonephritis, Post-streptococcal Glomerulonephritis


Post-infectious Glomerulonephritis, Atypical


Post-Infectious Glomerulonephritis (IgA-Dominant), Mimicking IgA Nephropathy


Polyarteritis Nodosa


Polycystic Kidney Disease


Posterior Urethral Valves

Post-Obstructive Diuresis




Propofol infusion syndrome


Proliferative Glomerulonephritis with Monoclonal IgG Deposits (Nasr Disease)


Propolis (Honeybee Resin) Related Renal Failure


Proteinuria (Protein in Urine)










Psoriasis and Kidney Disease


Pulmonary-Renal Syndrome


Purple Urine Bag Syndrome


Pyelonephritis (Kidney Infection)




Pyridium and Kidney Failure


Quail Poisoning and Rhabdomyolysis


Radiation Nephropathy


Ranolazine and the Kidney


Refeeding syndrome


Reflux Nephropathy


Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis


REN Mutations Causing Autosomal Dominant Tubulointerstitial Kidney Disease


Renal Abscess, Peripnephric Abscess


Renal Agenesis


Renal Arcuate Vein Microthrombi-Associated Acute Kidney Injury


Renal Artery Aneurysm


Renal Artery Dissection, Spontaneous


Renal Artery Stenosis


Renal Cell Cancer


Renal Cyst


Renal Hypouricemia with Exercise-induced Acute Renal Failure


Renal Infarction


Renal Infarction due to Amyloidosis


Renal Osteodystrophy


Renal Sinus Lipomatosis


Renal Tubular Acidosis


Renin Mutations and Autosomal Dominant Tubulointerstitial Kidney Disease


Renin Secreting Tumors (Juxtaglomerular Cell Tumor)


Reset Osmostat


Retrocaval Ureter


Retroperitoneal Fibrosis


Rhabdomyolysis, Rhabdomyolysis related to Bariatric Sugery


Rheumatoid Arthritis-Associated Renal Disease


Rubraca (rucaparib)-related Increase in Creatinine


Sarcoidosis Renal Disease


Salt Wasting, Renal and Cerebral


Saturday Night Acute Kidney Injury


Schistosomiasis and Glomerular Disease


Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia


Scleroderma Renal Crisis


Serpentine Fibula-Polycystic Kidney Syndrome, Exner Syndrome


Sézary Syndrome


Sickle Cell Nephropathy


Silica Exposure and Chronic Kidney Disease


Sjögren's Syndrome and Renal Disease


Sri Lankan Farmers' Kidney Disease


Star Fruit Nephrotoxicity


Synthetic Cannabinoid Use and Acute Kidney Injury


Kidney Disease Following Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, Kidney Disease Related to Stem Cell Transplantation


TAFRO Syndrome


Tea and Toast Hyponatremia


Tenofovir-Induced Nephrotoxicity


Thin Basement Membrane Disease, Benign Familial Hematuria


Thrombotic Microangiopathy Associated with Monoclonal Gammopathy


Trench Nephritis


TREX1 Mutation Causing Autosomal Dominant Thrombotic Microangiopathy and CKD




Tuberculosis, Genitourinary


Tuberous Sclerosis


Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) (TSC2/PKD1 contiguous gene syndrome)


Tubular Dysgenesis


Immune Complex Tubulointerstitial Nephritis Due to Autoantibodies to the Proximal

Tubule Brush Border


Tumor Lysis Syndrome




Uremic Encephalopathy and Cortical Blindness


Uremic Optic Neuropathy


Ureteritis Cystica




Urethral Caruncle


Urethral Stricture


Urinary Incontinence


Urinary Tract Infection


Urinary Tract Obstruction


Urogenital Fistula


Uromodulin-Associated Kidney Disease


Vancomycin-Associated Cast Nephropathy


Vasomotor Nephropathy


Vesicointestinal Fistula


Vesicoureteral Reflux


VGEF Inhibition and Renal Thrombotic Microangiopathy


Volatile Anesthetics and Acute Kidney Injury


Von Hippel-Lindau Disease


Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemic Glomerulonephritis


Warfarin-Related Nephropathy


Wasp Stings and Acute Kidney Injury


Wegener’s Granulomatosis, Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis


West Nile Virus and Chronic Kidney Disease


Wunderlich syndrome


Zellweger Syndrome, Cerebrohepatorenal Syndrome